Learning English Animals Vocabulary

A collage of all of the animal icons featured on this page.

[Note: This animals vocabulary pronunciation is in American English]

Animals words are some of the first words we learn in English. If you have a pet or like animals, this is a great topic for one of your first English conversations.

This is a list of popular animals but it is not complete. There are many types of animals that are not on this list. In English, we use "animals" to describe the broad list of living beings that are not plants. In this list of animals vocabulary, you'll find:

  • mammal:  an animal that feeds milk to its young and usually has fur or hair covering its body.  (e.g., rabbit, dog, fox, bear, rhinoceros)
  • bird:  an animal that has feathers and wings. (e.g., turkey, parrot)
  • reptile: an animal that has a hard or scaly body, lays eggs and has cold blood. (e.g., snake, turtle)
  • fish: an animal that has cold blood, lives in the water and breathes with gills, is often covered with scales and usually has fins. (e.g., sea horse, shark)
  • invertebrate:  an animal that does not have a backbone.  (e.g., crab, octopus, squid, starfish, jellyfish)

There are many more animals of course, but this is a good list to start with.

Animals vocabulary video

The video provides a chance to hear each word pronounced and there is a pause after each word so that you can say the words to practice your pronunciation.

When you're finished, leave a comment below to let us know what some of your favorite animals are.

Click the audio player below to hear the pronunciation.

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Learning English Animals Vocabulary

Now that you've heard the words pronounced, you can review the whole list of English animals vocabulary covered in the video.

This list includes the name of the animal as well as the baby name for the animal. There is also the name we use to call a group of these types of animals. For example, we call a baby dog a "puppy." We call a group of dogs together a "pack" of dogs. You could say the robber was attacked by a "group of dogs" but it would be more accurate to say he was attacked by a "pack" of dogs.

Of course, mother-tongue English speakers do not know the names of all of the babies or groups of animals. Native speakers probably know every animal on this list and many of the common baby names. So don't worry about memorizing everything. It will help you sometimes, however, when you are reading about animals or listening to programs about them.

Key to terms on this animals vocabulary list:

name of animal / baby name

name of group of these animals

illustration of a cartoon brown bear

bear / bear cub  (name of animal  / baby name)

sloth of bears (name of group of these animals)

illustration of a cartoon yellow camel

camel / camel calf

pack of camels

illustration of a cartoon cat

cat / kitten

clutter of cats / litter of kittens

illustration of a cartoon cow

* called "cattle" (cow is the name of female cattle) but in English we commonly call all of them "cows"

calf (name of baby cattle)

herd of cattle (cows)

illustration of a cartoon crab

crab / zoea larva

cast of crabs

illustration of a cartoon crocodile

crocodile / crocodile hatchling

bask of crocodiles

illustration of a cartoon deer

deer / doe

herd of deer*

(*note:  plural of deer is also deer)

illustration of a cartoon dog

dog / puppy

pack of dogs

illustration of a cartoon dolphin

dolphin / dolphin pup (or dolphin calf)

pod of dolphins

illustration of a cartoon duck

duck / duckling

flock of ducks

illustration of a cartoon elephant

elephant / elephant calf

herd of elephants

illustration of a cartoon fish

fish / fingerling

school of fish

illustration of a cartoon fox

fox / fox cub

skulk (or troop) of foxes

illustration of a cartoon giraffe

giraffe / calf

herd of giraffe

illustration of a cartoon goat

goat / kid (or billy)

herd of goats

illustration of a cartoon hedgehog

hedgehog / piglet (or pup)

array of hedgehogs

illustration of a cartoon hermit crab

hermit crab

cast of hermit crabs

illustration of a cartoon hippopotamus

hippopotamus / calf

herd of hippopotamuses (or hippopotami)

illustration of a cartoon horse

horse / foal  

herd of horses

illustration of a cartoon jellyfish

jellyfish / ephyna  

bloom (or swarm) of jellyfish

illustration of a cartoon kangaroo

kangaroo / joey 

herd (or troop) of kangaroo

illustration of a cartoon killer whale

killer whale / calf 

herd of killer whales

illustration of a cartoon lion

lion / lion cub 

pride of lions

illustration of a cartoon monkey

monkey / infant monkey

troop of monkeys

illustration of a cartoon octopus

octopus

illustration of a cartoon panda bear

panda bear / panda bear cub 

sloth of panda bears

illustration of a cartoon peacock

peacock* / peachick 

(*peafowl is the animal name and peacock is the name for male peafowl).

muster of peacocks

illustration of a cartoon pig

pig / piglet 

herd of pigs

illustration of a rabbit

rabbit / bunny

colony (or drove) of rabbits

illustration of a cartoon rhinoceros

rhinoceros / calf

crash of rhinoceros (or rhinoceroses)

illustration of a cartoon seahorse

seahorse

illustration of a cartoon shark

shark / pup

school (or shiver) of sharks

illustration of a cartoon sheep

sheep / lamb

herd (or flock) of sheep*

(*note:  plural of sheep is also sheep)

illustration of a cartoon shrimp

shrimp* / baby shrimp

(*note:  plural of shrimp is shrimp or shrimps)

illustration of a cartoon snake

snake / snakelet (or hatchling)

bed (or nest) of snakes

starfish

starfish

illustration of a cartoon tiger

tiger / cub (or whelp)

ambush (or streak) of tigers

illustration of a cartoon turkey

turkey / poult (or chick)

rafter of turkeys

illustration of a turtle

turtle / hatchling

bale of turtles

illustration of a cartoon whale

whale / calf

pod (or school) of whales

illustration of a cartoon wolf

wolf / pup (or whelp)

pack of wolves

illustration of a cartoon zebra

zebra / foal

herd of zebra

Test your knowledge with this short quiz

Time to practice!

Learning English animals vocabulary takes practice and I hope this was helpful. You can also practice more animal names in this fun listening exercise here. Listen as Mel does animal impressions (makes the different sounds of animals).

What are some of your favorite animals? Which animals have you seen in person? Do you have any of these animals as pets?

Now, take a moment to practice your English. You can write answers to the questions on a sheet of paper or practice speaking either out loud to yourself or with a speaking partner. Remember, practice is the only way to improve your English!


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